Family Psychoeducation for Schizophrenia

Status: Strong Research Support


Family Psychoeducation (FP) for schizophrenia refers broadly to several different models of treatment in which the family members of a person with schizophrenia participate in and are the focus of the intervention. This is not based on the assumption that family members cause schizophrenia but rather on a recognition that families can have a significant impact on their relative’s recovery and functioning. The patient-centered goals of FP include reduced relapse, fewer hospitalizations, and improved outcomes for the person with schizophrenia. Family-centered goals are to reduce the distress of dealing with a family member’s mental illness, improve patient-family relations and decrease the burden of mental illness on family members. FP incorporates education about schizophrenia, assistance with crisis intervention, problem solving training, emotional support, and communication skills training. FP interventions typically last at least 9 months, can be conducted with individual families or in multi-family groups, and include a focus on the family’s strengths and resiliency.

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